Rostov-on-Don (Russian: Росто́в-на-Дону́, tr. Rostov-na-Donu; IPA: [rɐˈstof nə dɐˈnu]) is a port city and the administrative center of Rostov Oblast and the Southern Federal District of Russia. It lies to the southeast of the East European Plain, on the Don River, 32 kilometers (20 mi) from the Sea of Azov. The southwestern suburbs of the city abut the Don River delta. Population: 1,089,261
City will host will host 2018 FIFA World Cup matches.
Rostov-on-Don lies in a humid continental climate (Dfa).The winter is moderately cold, with an average February temperature of −3.1 °C (26.4 °F). The lowest recorded temperature of −31.9 °C (−25.4 °F) occurred in January 1940. The summers are long, warm, and sunny. July temperatures average +23.3 °C (73.9 °F). The city’s highest recorded temperature of +40.1 °C (104.2 °F) was reported on 1 August 2010. The mean annual precipitation is 643 millimeters (25.3 in), the average wind speed is 2.7 m/s, and the average air humidity is 72%.
The most conspicuous architectural feature of the central part of the city is the Cathedral of Virgin’s Nativity (1860–1887), designed by Konstantin Thon.
Rostov-on-Don’s libraries include:
- The Don State Public Library,
- Central Library named after Maxim Gorky,
- Regional Children’s Library named after V.M. Velichkina
- Rostov Regional Special Library for the Blind,
- Scientific Library of the Medical University,
- Central State Children’s Library named after Lenin
- Children’s Library named after A.S. Pushkin
- Children’s Library named after Mayakovsky
- South-Russian Don State Public Library.
In the Academic Drama Theater named after Maxim Gorky works Mikhail Bushnov, who is the national artist of the USSR and an honorary citizen of Rostov-on-Don.
- Maxim Gorky Academic Drama Theater
- Rostov State Puppet Theater
- Rostov Regional Academic Theater of the Youth
- Rostov Musical Theater
- Philharmonic center
- Theater 18+
- Kim Nazaretov jazz center
The small collections of the Art Gallery and the Museum of Arts include some works by Repin, Surikov, Perov, Levitan, Aivazovsky as well as of modern Rostov artists.
- Museum of Local Lore
- Rostov Regional Museum of Fine Arts
- Museum of Fine Arts on Dmitrovskaya
- Museum of Russian & Armenian Friendship
- Pioneer and Railway Museum and Children’s Railway